# Federal University of Technology,Owerri

About the department of Urban Regional Planning

Urban and Regional Planning as a professional discipline, is the art and science of ordering and managing land uses, and the environment, based on detailed understanding and analysis of societal needs within the socio-economic environmental management framework. It is concerned with the information, design, implementation and monitoring of land use plans and policies at the local, urban and regional level, and environmental management through information technology and entrepreneurship for effective development.

Being a broad-based discipline requiring multi-disciplinary approach and knowledge, it requires a comprehensive education and training in the planning, design and management of the total environment. Our aim is to provide a broad based education and training, which will assist in developing students intellectual and professional capacities to a high standard. we train sound professional planners, who can operate effectively in the urban and regional planning in general and in Nigeria in particular. The objectives of the programme include developing the key concepts and principles of Urban and Regional Planning and teaching students basic theories, methods and management of land use activities and the environment.

Urban and regional awards the prestigious Bachelor of Technology degree(B.Tech) in Urban and regional planning

Part 1 (100 level)

### Ist Semester

Elementary mathematics 1 (MTH 101, 4 units)

Description

MTH 101 ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS 1(3,1,0) Number System, Polynomials, Remainder and Factor Theorems, Indices, Polynomial Equations, Rational Functions, Surds, Surds and Logarithms, Mathematical Induction, Permutations and Combinations, Binomial Theorem, Sequences and Series, The Quadratic Equation and Function, Relation Between The Root and The Coefficients, Complex Numbers Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication And Division, Argand Diagram, De-Moviver’s Theorem, N- Throots Of Complex Numbers, Elementary Set Theorem, Ven Diagrams And Applications, De-Morgans Laws, Trigonometry, Elementary Properties Of Basic Trigonometric Functions, Addition Formula And Basic Identities, Sine and Cosine Formulae, Half Angle Formula, Area of Triangle, Solution of Triangle Solution of Trigonometric Equations, Inverse Trigonometric Functions, Functions, Concept and Notations, Graphs and Properties, Limit and Continuity, Techniques for Finding Limits, The Derivatives, Calculation from First Principles, Techniques of Differentiation, Chain Rule, Higher Application, Indeterminate Forms and L’hopital’s Rule, Taylor’s and Maclourin’s Series, Curve Sketching, Integration and Reverse of Differentiation, Area as Limit of Finite Sums, Definite Integral, Properties of Definite Integration, Application

General Physics 1 (PHY 101, 4 units)

Description

PHY 101 GENERAL PHYSICS 1 (2,1,1) (Three 1- hour lectures, one hour tutorial and three hours laboratory per week), Mechanics, Space and Time. Units and Dimensions, Vectors, Kinematics, Newton’s Law Galilean Invariance, Statistics and Dynamics of Particles, Universal gravitation, Work and Potential Energy, Conservation of Energy And Momentum, Thermal Properties, Rigid Bodies, Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Physics Including Elementary Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory Pre-Requisites, Credit In O.L Physics and Mathematics.

General Chemistry 1 (CHM 101, 4 unit)

Description

CHM 101 GENERAL CHEMISTRY 1( 2,1,1) Atomic structure and the periods classification of the elements, ionic covalent bonding including the effect of dipole interacting of physical properties, Redox reactions and the concept of oxidation numbers introduction to gas kinetics, introduction to nuclear chemistry , solids and lattice structure, acid base reaction, general principles of extraction of metals.

Biology for Physical Sciences (BLO101/103, 3 unit)

Description

BIO 101 GENERAL BIOLOGY FOR PHYSICAL SCIENCES (2,0,1) The Biological and its evolution, cell structure and function, reproduction, genetics evolution and ecology, human physiology, the heart, ear, lung and kidney, the respiratory system, temperature regulation, pulmonary circulation, the nervous system, electrical activity of the brain, living cells, hormones and general

Workshop Practice 1 (ENG 101, 1 unit)

Description

ENG 101 WORKSHOP PRACTICES 1 (0,0,1) General use of Engineering measuring instruments, calipers, gauges e.g micrometer screw gauge- and other devices, introduction to hand tools, proficiency in the use of wood planer, hand saw, sanders and pattern making, sheet metal work, production of sheet metal products- layouts, cutting, shaping, simple bend theory etc. introduction to joining techniques- soldering, brazing, fusion, welding, fastening and assembly, basic wood working principle and tools finishing and evaluation of finished production.

Engineering Drawing 1 (ENG 103, 1 unit)

Description

ENG 103 ENGINEERING DRAWING 1( 0,0,1) Induction to Engineering tools, planning and layout, Engineering drawing, Engineering drawing concept, introduction to dimensioning- Types, dimensioning of circles, holes, radii, tolerancing, descriptive geometry, freehand sketching, introduction to drawing / drafting software, and CAD basic tools. Orthographic multi- view projection, construction of plane shapes using CAD construction techniques, presentation of data and results, using charts, graphs etc by appropriate computer software, further dimensioning- addition of dimensions to drawings, using CAD.

Use of English 1 (GST 101, 2 unit)

Description

GST 101 USE OF ENGLISH (1,1,0) Use of library, use of words and sentence construction, functions of sentence purpose structure, correct use of verbs (Action words). Order and punctuation, Essay style, Exposition, description and explanation, special types of exposition e.g letter writing, layout of a business letter , Technical reports including terms of reference, Drafting and editing reports

Humanities (GST 103, 1 unit)

Description

GST 103 HUMANITIES (1,0,0) The nature and scope of economics, the Nigeria Political System, policy and means of production in Nigeria, the structure of the Nigeria economy, aspect of economics and technological dualism, internal migration and the informal sector, the role of capital growth and development, public investment criteria, choice of appropriate or relevant technology, human resources development in Nigeria labour utilization, education and manpower development and planning Agriculture in the development process, land tenure and reform, Agricultural technology and the green revolution and integrated development industrialization, role and types of industry, choice of techniques, import substitution and export expansion, the economic role of the government- government expenditure and taxation, federal structure, fiscal federalism and plan implementation in the Nigerian federal system of government, prospect of Nigeria economy

Igbo/French 1 (IGB/FRN 101, 1 unit)

Description

IGB 101: INTRODUCTION TO IGBO GRAMMAR, COMPOSITION & COMPREHENSION (1,0,0) This course will equip the student with basic skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing in the approved 1961 orthography as the basics for standard Igbo.

FRN 101: FRENCH LANGUAGE 1(1,0,0) This course will introduce the students to the basics of French Language such as greeting in French, French alphabets, vowels, pronunciation and accents. The students will also learn the components of French grammar as the article, verb, etc.

### 2nd Semester

Elementary Mathematics 11 (MTH 102, 4 unit)

Description

MTH 102 ELEMENTRY MATHEMATICS 11(3,1,0) Transcendental functions, hyperbolic function, inverse functions, logarithmic differentiation, methods of integration, integration of rational function, integration of subtraction, integration by parts, improper integral, applications, area and volumes, center of mass, ordinary differential equations, first order equations with constant coefficients, applications, plane analytic, geometry, rectangular Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, the straight line, Loci, the circle parabola, of plane equations, plane areas in polar coordinates, vector addition and multiplication, products of three or more vectors, vector functions and derivatives, velocity and acceleration, matrix algebra, addition and multiplications, transpose determinants, inverse of non- singular matrices, Crammer’s rule and application to the solution of linear equations (Examples should be limited in non-matrices where m-3, n-3), shear composition of transformations invariant points and lines.

General Physics 11 (PHY 102, 4 unit)

Description

PHY 102 GENERAL PHYSICS 11 (2,1,1) (Three 1- hour lectures, one hour tutorial and three hours laboratory per week) Electricity and magnetism, electrostatics, conductors and currents, dielectrics, magnetic fields and induction, Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic oscillations and waves, geometrical optics, geometrical methods applied to the optics of mirrors, lenses, and prisms.

General Chemistry 11 (CHM 102, 4 unit)

Description

CHM 102 GENERAL CHEMISTRY 11( 2,1,1) Physical kinetics, survey of reactions of functional group in aliphatic and aromatic compounds, concept of hydrite bonds, alkanes, alkynes, reaction of carbon-carbon multiple bonds, elimination and substitution reactions of alcohols and alkyl halides, addition and elimination reactions in benzene, hydroxyl groups and carbonyl compound, organic acids, bases and derivatives.

WORKSHOP Practice 11 (ENG 102, 1 unit)

Description

ENG 102 WORKSHOP PRACTICE 11 ( 0,0,1) Industrial safety: safety code of conduct and safety consciousness survey of common sources of accidents in the work place, accident, prevention and control. Machine shop work: working component in a lathe machine, instructions in simple metal working process eg shaping, milling, grinding, rearing, metal spinning, design of jigs and fixtures. Introduction of automation in manufacturing- visualization fixtures and CAD automobile work, simple automotive diagnosis and repairs. Electrical workshop practice: convention and application of colour codes of fables, desistors etc and signs, use of simple electrical, tools, machines etc.

Engineering Drawing 1 (ENG 104, 1 unit)

Description

ENG 104 ENGINEERING DRAWING 11( 1,0,1) Connections in engineering drawing, introduction to IS code of drawing conics and engineering curves – ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, cycloid, trochoid involutes, project of planes and solids (cubs, prism, pyramid, cylinder, core and sphere), projections on auxiliary planes, isometric projection, introduction to section drawing and use of CAD construction techniques, development and intersection of surfaces, detail drawing with the addition of machine and surface texture symbols, simple assembly drawing with suitable fits and a part list and introduction to limits and tolerances, screw threads, fasteners and spring including keys and key ways.

Use of English 11 (GST 102, 2 units)

Description

GST 102 THE USE OF ENGLISH (1,1,0) Comprehension and interpretation, reading efficiency of technical and non material, note taking, techniques of note taking from taking from reading and from lectures, precise writing or summarizing methods, technical vocabulary, word formation, use of classical term and offices, special terms, acronyms, new words choice of current work, definition by example, synonym or antonym, analytic or operational definitions, basic words in fields or specialization, e.g. mechanical, electrical, civil, aeronautical, automobile engineering, metallurgical, mathematics.

Science, Engineering and Technology In Society (GST 110, 1 unit)

Description

GST 110 SCIENCE ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY IN SOCIETY 1(1, 0, 0) Science in society, history and nature of science, methods and tools of science; research inventions, units and dimensions, science and culture, frontier of science, food, material, energy, population control, environmental pollution, careers in science and agriculture. Introduction to Engineering, what engineers do and how it is done, tools of engineering, units dimension, social, political and ecological consequences of engineering projects, professions ethics and conduct, careers in engineering, history and impact of technology on society, role of scientists and engineers in government decision making, case studies of contemporary problems, agriculture, rural development, industrialization, import/export, the economy, technology and culture, past and present attitudes and concerns of society..

Social Science 1 (GST 108, 2 units)

Description

GST 108 SOCIAL SCIENCES (1,1,0) A global perspective of economic institutions and developments, the law of society and state, trade development with reference to trade in primary products, imports substitution and export possibilities in Nigeria and their world countries, primary products, import substitution and export possibilities in Nigeria and their world countries, Nigeria’s balance of payment and commercial policies, economic integration of union, prospects for industrialization, trade, fiscal and monetary policies for accelerated industrialization, Nigeria, the ECA and economic cooperation in Africa.

Igbo/French 11 (IGB/FRN 102, 1 unit)

Description

IGB 102: INTRODUCTION TO IGBO HISTORY, CULTURE AND LITERATURE (1,0,0) This course will expose the students to various aspects of human life among the Igbos as follows: Igbo world-view, Igbo culture and history, Igbo in a world wide of arts and civilization. It will also provide a good exposure in the area of Igbo literature which embodies the totality of Igbo world-view, including their social and cultural perspectives, their aspirations and amenities, as some contemporary texts will be incorporated in the study.

FRN 102: FRENCH LANGUAGE 11(1,0,0) Here the students will be drilled in French grammar proper, dialogue and other oral exercises. The student will also be introduced into reading, starting with France Afrique Book 1. At the end of this course the students should be able to speak basic French and be able to tell time in French.

Part 2 (200 level)

### Ist Semester

Building Construction and Materials 1 (BDT 201, 2 units)

Description

BDT 201: BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIALS 1 (1,0,1) Simple building principle, Building construction materials, Site preparation, Foundation Building tools and equipment, Nigeria building bye-law

Planning Studio 1 (URP 201, 3 units)

Description

URP 201: PLANNING STUDIO 1 (1,1,1) Graphic techniques.Study of planning problem of site. Land use survey and analysis of a local setting. Technical reports writing. Neighbourhood design and housing layout. The objective is to introduce students to the concept of planned and integrated development of residential areas, their spatial differentiation into distinct units or neighbourhood and the physical, social and functional aspects of the neighbourhood units, its structure and density. To comprehend housing layout and plot subdivision as a detailed aspect of neighbourhood planning and to understand the concept of housing layout s social and physical group of sub units. Utilizing the techniques of environmental analysis, the student shall prepare a detailed layout of a site which will include quantitative projections for anticipated population densities, site occupancy etc.

Introduction to Architecture 1 (ARC 201, 1 unit)

Description

ARC 201: INTRODUCTION TO ARCHITECTURE 1 (0,0,1) Basic principles and methods of environmental perception and design.Techniques of freehand drawing and sketching.Preparing plans and perspectives.Theory of composition; space, form, texture, tones, etc. Two dimensional and three dimensional composition in different media. Audio- visual techniques and presentation of design drawing method of drawing trees, shrubs, hedges, other landscape element and urban appurtenances in pencil and ink, drawing plans elevations and sections of buildings and their environ, structural details of building concrete fittings, columns, beams, lintel, decking, staircases, etc

Social Science 11 (GST 201, 1 unit)

Description

GST 201 SOCIAL SCIENCES 11 (1,0,0) Introduction: Definition of science and Technology and their interaction; Origin of science: African origin of science in Europe and other areas of the world; development of social Sciences: philosophical concepts of society, etc. Modern developments in Sciences and technology; Logic and methods: key concepts, scientific method, making observation; concluding remarks: a survey of remarkable scientific and technological breaks-through and their impact on society, the quantitative and computer revolution. The concept of science relationship between behaviour and the environment. The relevance of man’s environment. Natural environment; the atmosphere, the troposphere, the hydrosphere, the lithosphere. The social environment. Built environment physical planning, development. Use and abuse of natural resources.

Basic Elements of Planning (URP 217, 2 units)

Description

URP 217 BASIC ELEMENTS OF PLANNING (1,1,0) Definition of planning, colonial, urban and regional planning. The change and emergence of planning after independence. Types of planning in Nigeria – National planning guideline, regional planning, interregional planning agencies of River Basin Authorities and their roles. The state planning – aims, powers, strategies, regional reports and development planning. Local planning and types. Social Science contribution to the development of planning thought.

Land Economics 1 (URP 205, 2 units)

Description

URP 205 LAND ECONOMICS 1 (1,1,0) Land resources of Nigeria. Land as factor of production. Population growth and land use. Land tenure system. Land and property markets. Legal controls on land use. Economic basis of urbanization. Urban structure and land use pattern.

Introduction to Measurement and Description (URP 207, 1 unit)

Description

URP 207: INTRODUCTION TO MEASUREMENT AND DESCRIPTION (0,0,1) Measurement and Scale: Large, medium and small scales. Aids to measurement and computations.Aids in the measurement of length, angles, and area. Computational devices such vices such as tables, charts, graphs, monograms, the slide rule, calculators and computers. Description of hydrograph, vegetation, relief, settlement, communication and courts, churches and schools, post offices and other social amenities.

Statistical Methods and Sources 1 (STA 201, 3 units)

Description

STA 211 STATISTICAL METHODS AND SOURCES 1 (2,1,0) The nature of statistical methods, frequency distribution, measurement of central tendency mean, median, mode etc .Elementary probability theory . Tests of hypothesis: small sample test- t-tests A2 and f test.

Computer and Applications 11 (CSC 201, 4 units)

Description

CSC201 COMPUTER AND APPLICATIONS 1 (2,1,1) Prerequisites MTH 101 & 102. Introduction to digital computer, their use and modern programming techniques: brief history of computer, generations of computers, structure of a general purpose computer. General problems solving systematic development of algorithms, flow diagram, meaning of logical processes, verification & validation of programmes. Practical experience of operating computer and peripheral equipment, extensive practice with one or more higher level languages. Emphasis on technical application. Elementary numerical algorithms.

Fundamentals of Surveying (EST 211, 2 units)

Description

SVG 211 FUNDAMENTALS SURVEYING (2,0,0) Types of surveys. Survey Instruments. Measurement of distances. Leveling. Theodolite Introduction to Remote Sensing (Photogranometry).

### 2nd Semester

Building Construction and Materials II (BDT 202, 2 units)

Description

BDT 202 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIALS 11 (1,0,1) This is build on the first stage of this course. Students are to be exposed to practical aspects of typical design and constructional details e.g. foundation, walls floors roofs, doors, window’s staircases, finishes.

Planning Studio II (URP 202, 3 units)

Description

URP 202 PLANNING STUDIO 11 (1,1,1) Demonstration and application of the principles of planning survey, analysis, issues, proposals, evaluation of alternative solutions, choice and plan of a range of inter-related land use problems. Specific subject: Village planning. A survey analysis and design pogram in village planning and rural housing. The scope of the project will include the selection studies, evolving development and re-development strategies and applying them to the case study with a view to preparing a re-development plan. Attention to be paid to rural housing, ecological and conservation methods and development costs.

History of Urban and Regional Planning(URP 204, 2 units)

Description

URP 204: HISTORY OF URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (2,0,0) Historical and Legislative development of cities and the evolution of urban and regional planning. Survey of human settlements during the early times pre-historic, ancient, medieval and Renaissance. Baroque and industrial settlements and contemporary human settlements elsewhere. The role of philanthropic movements on town planning, public health laws, garden city movements, contemporary thoughts in planning.

Land Economics II (URP 206, 2 units)

Description

URP 206 LAND ECONOMICS 11 (2,0,1) Effect of land value and land use on the operation of price mechanism. The land development process. Financing of developments.The economic rent concept.The economic factors governing development and redevelopment. Effect of taxation on landed property.

Environmental Education and Awareness/Nature of Environmental Science1(EST 202, 1 unit)

Description

EST 202 ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND AWARENESS/NATURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (1,0,0) Definition of environment and sciences. Consideration of human species, needs, nature and interaction of above factors, material assets and culture heritage. Sustainability. The basic resources, air, water, energy, land and their significance to man, animal and plants. Environmental degradation and its impacts. Relationship of planning and other environmental disciplines, nature and planning as an activity planning process and communication skills.

Principles of Urban and Regional Planning (URP 210, 2 units)

Description

URP 210: PRINCIPLES OF URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (2,0,0) Objectives of Town and Country Planning – the need to plan; definition and scope of planning process.Economic and social factors in town planning.The development of Town Planning theory, town design.Information requirements and basic forms of survey for planning including land use, age and condition of buildings, traffic studies, and socio-economic surveys and analysis. Different types of plan – district or town plan, maters plan, structure plan, development plan, etc. The neighbourhood concept, planning standards.The functions and place of the town planner in physical development process.

Site Selection and Planning (URP 212, 2 units)

Description

URP 212: SITE SELECTION AND PLANNING (1,0,1) Site selection, definitions and scope of site selection an planning. Principles and factors of site selection, site analysis, investigation involving analysis of the site for purposeful design. Elements of site-topography, soil condition, groundwater, vegetation, micro-climate and district features, site design brief, goals and objectives. Site plan, the scale and contents, circulation and utility network.Site engineering; building lines, plot coverage, frontage, design standard.

Planning Laws and Procedure(URP 214, 2 units)

Description

URP 214 PLANNING LAWS AND PROCEDURES (2,0,0) Concepts of Law and Administrative procedures.Introduction to general law. Land law, conveyance. Origin and sources of Nigeria law.Law of tort and contract.Legal controls on statutory bodies.Appeals and enforcements. Case studies of application of planning laws to existing situations.

Element of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing (SVG 216, 2 units)

Description

SVG 216 ELEMENT OF PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND REMOTE SENSING (2,0,0) Definition of Photogrammetry. Historical development of the principles and techniques of photogrammetric acquisition of terrain data and information. optics for Photogrammetry, metric camera ground coverage and resolution. Electromagnetic radiation and spectrum. Reflectance. Photographic materials and processing, properties of Aerial photographs. Introduction to Photo Interpretation. Monocular and Binocular viewing, Stereoscopic observation of single and overlapping photographs. Spatial geometry of vertical and tilted photographs; Rectification, orthophotography. Image coordinate measurements and reduction.

Fundamentals of Geography (URP 216, 1 unit)

Description

URP 216: FUNDAMENTAL OF GEOGRAPHY (1,0,0) The principles and elements of rock, climate soil and vegetation. The simple relationship between the earths surface- phenomenon and processes. Political development of different parts of Africa, economic activities of different communities in terms of commercial and industrial development, mineral and power resources, transportation network, regional economic integration, settlement patterns (rural and urban settlement and organization space) population growth and urbanization processes. Maps and map types. Map constructions and orientations, map scales construction (large and small scales), construction of grids, bearing and distances, area determination conventional signs and symbols, transfer of details from base map, cross sectioning, lettering of drawings and sketches. Representation of data features and phenomena on maps. Analysis of the physical features and human elements on topographical map based upon their point, linear and polygon (area) properties.

Urban Governance (URP 218, 2 units)

Description

URP 218: URBAN GOVERNANCE (2,0,0) Social Studies as part of the planning procures. Social structure of contemporary Nigeria.Social classes, Race/Tribe Theories of social Stratification status and power urbanism as a way of life or an ideology.Social problems in urban Area-crime, social deviance, delinquency, poverty and unemployment. Housing markets, tenure, access and housing classes. Patterns of urban life.Theories of social segregation social structure of contemporary urban and rural areas.

LONG VACATION SIWES (SIW 200, 2)

Description

Part 3 (300 level)

### Ist Semester

Urban Development Planning (URP 301, 3 units)

Description

URP 301 URBAN DEVELOPMENT PLANNING (1,1,1) Growth factors and forms of cities Dimensioning urban land use problems Space allocation standards Methods of study and projection of land use, demographic and economic data

Housing (URP 303, 2 units)

Description

URP 303 HOUSING (1,1,0) Concept of housing. Housing types. Housing demand and supply Housing infrastructure. Appraisal of existing housing policy. Housing finance.

Traffic and Transport Planning 1 (URP 305, 2 units)

Description

URP 305 TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORT PLANNING 1 (1,1,0) The aims, roles, objectives of transport planning Relationship of transportation to land use planning Transport modes Transportation planning process Methods of collection, analysis and projection of traffic data Transport system, traffic control measures and management.

QTS 335 Principles of Valuation (QTS 335 , 2 units)

Description

QTS 335 PRINCIPLES OF VALUATION 1 (1,1,0) Function of value. Definition of value. Types of landed property. Demand and supply of land. Investment market. The property market. Principles and methods of property valuation. Case studies.

Land Use and Resources Management 1 (URP 313, 2 units)

Description

URP 313 LAND USE AND RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 1 (1,0,1) Functions of and forms of management techniques. The process of land use change. Theory of public control over private use.

SVG 317 Geographic Information System (SVG 317, 2)

Description

SVG 317 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (1,0,1) Linkage of all data in Geographic Information System by location so that any one feature of an area can be put along side its other features. How to use better spatial information to foster economic growth and to protect the environment . The creation of multi- purpose urban information system to improve the planning information base. Social economic purpose of the system such as demographic analysis and the development of structure plans e.g for the delineation of school distinats, the assessment of population changes over age group and the review of capital and revenue allocation.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EST 325, 2 units)

Description

EST 325: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (1,1,0) Different methods of assessing the impact of proposed development in the existing physical, social economic and technological frameworks.

Population and Urbanization Studies (URP 315, 2 units)

Description

URP 315: POPULATION AND URBANIZATION STUDIES (2,0,0) Significance of population studies in Urban and Regional Planning. Collection and collection of population data, Primary and Secondary sources, the age structure and sex ratio; population pyramid analysis of data relating to fertility, mortality literacy, employment, income, migration, and other demographic variables. Spatial distribution of population, an overview of population growth and distribution in Africa in general and Nigeria in particular.Rural-urban migration and urbanization.Implications in planning, housing and rural areas development.Relationship between urbanization and industrialization, transportation, education and modernization, policies and strategies in planning for urban and regional development in relation to urbanization in less developed countries.

Urban Development Planning (URP 319, 2 units)

Description

URP 319: URBAN DEVELOPMENT PLANNING (2,0,0) Growth factors and forms of cities.Dimensioning urban land use problems.Space allocation standards. Methods of study and projection of land use, demographic and economic data.

Introduction to Entrepreneurship and Innovation (ENS 301, 2 units)

Description

ENS 301: INTRODUCTION TO ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND INNOVATION (1,0,1) Development Entrepreneurship/Intrapreneurship, the Nigerian Entrepreneurship Environment, Creativity and Intellectual rights, Technological Entreprenuership, Innovation: Theories and Mangement, Family business and succession planning, Women entrepreneurship, Business opportunity set and evaluation, Introduction to Business Strategy, Introduction to Business Ethics and Corporate Governance, Relationship between Scientific Research Innovation and Products, product invention, timeless and process.

### 2nd Semester

Traffic and Transportation Planning 11 (URP 306, 2 units)

Description

URP 306 TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION PLANNING 11 (1,0,1) Traffic engineering and design. Traffic Management and Techniques. Mass transit systems. Advance techniques for transportation planning. Preparation and implementation of transportation planning.

Planning Studio IV (URP 302, 3 units)

Description

URP 302 PLANNING STUDIO IV (1,1,1) Studio project on assessing housing needs and problems and devising appropriate planning solution Technical reporting.

Industrial Development Planning (URP 304, 2)

Description

URP 304 INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING (2,0,1) Factors affecting the location of the industry. Assessment of land for industrial use Design standards for industrial land use Management principles for industrial land use.

Landscape Design and Planning (URP 318, 2 units)

Description

URP 318 LANDSCAPE DESIGN (1,0,1) Concepts in landscape design Basic elements of landscape. Climate and landscape design. Landscape design goals, processes and analytical methods. Landscape construction materials and methods. Planting design Management of landscape.

Land Use and Resource Management 11 (URP 314, 2 units)

Description

URP 314 LAND USE AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 11 (1,0,1) Estate ownership and control Building of new and expending towns Leasing of estate

Geomorphology (URP 308, 1 unit)

Description

URP 308: GEOMORPHOLOGY (1,1,0) The concept of man – landform interrelationships,; study of geomorphic processes and terrain that affect man and his activities in urban and rural areas, man-made landform, man’s utilization of geomorphic resources, geomorphology in urban and regional planning.

Housing II 1 1 0 2 (URP 310, 2 units)

Description

URP 310: HOUSING II (1,1,0) Objectives and Principles of Cooperative housing on self-help and non-profit basis.Housing in rural area, objectives, principles and methods of rural housing, use of self-help techniques in village housing.Investment in public housing, private and cooperative sectors. Characteristics of housing finance, sources and mobilization of capital for investment in social housing, institutional finances, social and economic rents, subsidies, banks and mortgage fund. Economics of housing.Basic principles of formulating housing standards for healthful living in developing countries.Evaluation of housing standards.

Project Planning and Evaluation (URP 312, 2 units)

Description

URP 312: PROJECT PLANNING AND EVALUATION(1,0,1) The Role of project in the wider context of urban and regional national planning.Budget constraints.Considerations to project formulation.Technique and method of project planning evaluation.Project identification and analysis. Principles and practice of cost benefit analysis. Private and public profitability.Preparation of social accounting framework. Project appraisal rising such methods as: Payback method, discount cash now method, yield (Rate of Return) method, net present value (NPV) etc. Project cycle.

Regional Development Planning (URP 316, 2)

Description

URP 316 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING (2 Units) Concept of a region, Central Place theory. Theories and processes of regional development. Regional imbalance. Strategies of regional planning.

Town Planning Modeling & Techniques (URP 326, 2 units)

Description

URP 326: TOWN PLANNING MODELING TECHNIQUES (1,0,1) The course is intended to visualize all aspects of building or as part of townscape including proportion and relationship, features, appearances of tentative materials and its 3-dimensional qualities. The model should serve as a visual proof that the spatial concepts of a design are workable and pleasing.

Geographic Information System (Practical) (SVG 314, 1 unit)

Description

SVG 314: GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (PRACTICAL) (0,0,1) Linkage of all data in Geographic Information System by location so that any one feature of an area can be put along side its other features. How to use better spatial information to foster economic growth and to protect the environment .The creation of multi- purpose urban information system to improve the planning information base. Social economic purpose of the system such as demographic analysis and the development of structure plans e.g for the delineation of school districts, the assessment of population changes over age group and the review of capital and revenue allocation.

Business Creation, Growth and Corporate Governance (ENS 302, 2 units)

Description

ENS 302: BUSINESS CREATION, GROWTH AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Marketing Mix, Product Development and Management, Ethics and Social Responsibility and their relevance in business. Ethical behaviour, Business ethics and practices in Nigeria – Case studies, Community development projects/welfare. New opportunities for expansion, E-business, E-commerce, E-trade.Managing transition from start up to growth, personal discipline, Learning, Decision making tool and control, Employee decisions. Basic financial literacy. Business Strategy: the concept of strategy and strategic issues in business (existing and start up). The Scientist/Engineer as an entrepreneur; opportunities and challenges. Venture creation and element of risk management.

LONG VACATION SIWES (SIW 300, 2)

Description

None

Part 4 (400 level)

### Ist Semester

Urban Design (URP 405 , 2 units)

Description

URP 401 URBAN DESIGN (1,0,1) Principles and methods of urban design. Urban conservation. Methods of restoration of historic landscapes and building Application of urban design principles to town centre redevelopment.

Planning Studio V (URP 401, 3 units)

Description

URP 401: PLANNING STUDIO V (1,1,1) Project on City Centre Renewal and devising appropriate planning solution.Technical reporting.

Public Utilities And Services (URP 407, 2 units)

Description

URP 407: PUBLIC UTILITIES AND SERVICES (1,0,1) Planning consideration and design standards for public utilities and services such as drainage, water supply, electricity, telephones, sewage etc. Methods of site investigation for planning for utilities Management principles for public utilities services .

Pollution Control And Management (URP 411, 2 units)

Description

URP 411: POLLUTION CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT (1,0,1) The concept and meaning of pollution and control.Kinds of environmental pollution.The nature of pollutants.The effect of pollution of the natural environment. Various techniques and methods of atmospheric pollution, water pollution, noise and soil pollution control. Waste ( solid and liquid) disposal , control and monitoring in urban and rural areas in Nigeria. The ecological effects of industrial and motor exhausts on natural environment.Environmental monitoring, abatement and control of pollution.Environmental impact assessment. Review of environmental protection and waste disposal legislations. Legislation on kinds of environmental pollution. Evaluation of physical planning, measures and environmental pollutions control within Nigeria and elsewhere : prevention, environmental protections, land use zoning control, open green space control, supervision of physical planning projects.

Human Settlement And Development (URP 415, 2 units)

Description

URP 415: HUMAN SETTLEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT (2,0,0) Physical and Human Geography of Nigerian land forms and their effects on the location of towns and the nature and structure on settlements.The effect of climate and the development of towns. Introduction to level uses. Urbanization focus on Nigeria.Special theories – central place theory; settlement hierarchy – size and spacing of cities.The internal structure of cities.The concentric theory; the sector, the multiple, economic development factors affecting urban growth.The concepts of centralization and decentralization and sub-centering.

Urban Renewal Techniques (URP 417 , 2 units)

Description

URP 417: URBAN RENEWAL TECHNIQUES (2,0,1) Urban renewal as a techniques for improving living condition. Cost and benefit of urban renewal schemes.Economical and social cons ideation of urban renewal.Management for urban schemes.Identification of slum and dilapidated structures.Slum clearance and attendant socio-economic problems. Case studies of renewal scheme. Concept of settlement. The social, economic, administrative psychological and political issues in resettlement planning and execution of resettlement projects.

Research Methodology in Urban & Regional Planning (URP 421, 2 units)

Description

URP 421: RESEARCH METHDOLOGY IN URP (2.0.0) The need for and purpose of research. Identification and definition of planning problems. Review of related literature. Sources of information in planning.Different techniques in planning. Choosing research methods (Research Methodology): Data Collection: Primary and Secondary data: Sampling methods: Random, Systematic and stratified sample; size of sample-techniques of measurement and classification. The scientific methods; inductive and deductive approaches.Attributes of planning research. Meaning and formulation of hypothesis, theories and laws, Testing scientific hypothesis using ANOVA, Regression Analysis, Factor Analysis. Research reports and referencing (documentation) method.

Environmental Law (EST 415, 2 units)

Description

EST 415 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW (2,0,0) Introduction to environmental law Theories of environmental protection Law and environment Common law and environment: nuisance, trespass, negligence Colonial legacy in environmental protection FEPA- functions and powers Sources of international environmental law UN and sustainable development efforts

Highway and Transportation Engineering (CIE 405, 2 units)

Description

CIE 405 HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING (1,1,0) Road design and construction methods Road geometry Highway construction materials Road alignment principle and aesthetic conditions Road furniture Maintenance of highway infrastructure

Theory and Techniques of Administrative Management (URP 409, 2 units)

Description

URP 409 THEORY AND TECHNIQUES OF ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT (2,0,0) Principles of management as applied to planning , processes, personnel management in planning methods of financing plans, methods of implementing and managing land use plans (political, technical, administration requirements. The civil service and control of administration. Private sector participation in planning and implementation. Techniques of managing a technical office of local, state and federal levels. Theories of power ( elitism, pluralism and maxism )

Rural Development Planning (URP 435, 2 units)

Description

URP 435: RURAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING (1,0,1) The village as an organic entity, rural urban complimentary function, the rural urban continuum. Physical, social and economic structure of a village; migration and rural population dynamics, problems of migration, loss of cultivable land to urbanization, flooding, water logging and erosion; lack of utilities and services, poverty and distress, need for forestation, soil conservation and wild life preservation; transhumance, accessibility of villages, inter village communication. Village communities in Nigeria: type and structures, rural planning relation to national and regional policies, basic principles of community development, community development in relation to rural, planning and housing; self help techniques, role of voluntary organizations in community development, delineation of rural areas for planning purposes, rural population and settlement farm, structure and function in different cultural zones in Nigeria( with case studies in various major zones and detailed studies of the location of planning school area), factors affecting the site and location of rural settlement: accessibility of villages, communications, village planning: principles, concepts and standards; institutional basis for planning rural settlements; village regrouping; model village and settlement planning (with local examples), planning and provision of rural facilities, rural transportation and land use planning, social, human, resources and technological, agricultural problems of rural areas.

Design Economics and Cost Planning (QTS 413, 2 units)

Description

QTS 413 DESIGN ECONOMICS AND COST PLANNING (1,0,1) Outline of economic theory related to economic activities. Output and prices and their effect on prices of construction work. Price and market in the National Economy. Sources of finance for construction works

### 2nd Semester

LONG VACATION INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT (SIWES) (SIW 400, 6)

Description

Part 5 (500 level)

### Ist Semester

Planning Studio VI (URP 501, 3 units)

Description

URP 501 PLANNING STUDIO VI (1,1,1) Studio project- city centre renewal Technical reporting.

Independent project on Nigeria Problem (URP 503, 2)

Description

URP 503 INDEPENDENT PROJECT ON NIGERIA PROBLEM (0,0,2) Students are eligible to chose any topic of their choice for study in due consultation with their supervisors.

Project 1 (URP 505, 3 units)

Description

URP 505 PROJECT 1 (0,0,3) Every student will be required to choose a topic as a special area of study in the planning profession to demonstrate their ability to carry out an independent work with little guidance to a high academic and professional level. Students are to choose their subjects in due consultation with their supervisors.

Planning Seminars (URP 507, 2 units)

Description

URP 507 PLANNING SEMINARS (0,2,0) Every student is expected to present at least a seminar paper on a major planning issuer. This may be related to either the topic of dissertation or independent project. This is to test the candidate ability to present his idea in a seminar paper on high academic and professional standards.

Erosion & Disaster Management In Planning (URP 509, 2 units)

Description

URP 509: EROSION AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN URP (2,0,1) Origin and types of natural disaster; land slide, mass movement; earthq2uake, volcano, creep, typhoon, erosion etc. Assessment of natural hazards; air photo and remote sensing techniques, ground survey.Prevention and control; appropriate land use, environmental monitoring, use of seismic technique, soil conservation and reforestation.

Professional Practice 1 (URP 511, 2 units)

Description

URP 511 PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE 1 (1,1,0) Legal basis planning The ethics of preparing land use master plan Principle of writing brief Pitfalls in planning commutation. Technical report and graphical techniques

Advanced Regional Planning (URP 513, 2 units)

Description

URP 513 ADVANCED REGIONAL PLANNING (2,0,0) Theories of regional planning Dimensioning regional planning in Nigeria Case studies and application of relevant regional planning theories to existing situation.

Natural Resources and Environmental Planning (URP 519, 2 units)

Description

URP 519 NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING (2,0,0) The concept of ecology as applied to the natural environment Climatic conditions. The use and abuse of natural resources e.g. water, land, air. Extractive Industries. Environmental planning problems and solutions e.g. pollution, soil erosion, dissertation, etc. Conservation of natural resources.

Tourism Planning and Development (URP 515, 2 units)

Description

URP 515 TOURISM PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT (2,0,0) General concepts of recreation and tourism Economic evaluation of the ecological impacts Essentials of tourism planning Tourism resources of Nigeria Consideration for design, construction and development to tourist resorts Tourism organization travel agent and developers Assessment of demands Principles of tourism management

### 2nd Semester

Advanced Planning Theory (URP 504, 3 units)

Description

URP 504 ADVANCED PLANNING THEORY (2,1,0) This course is to build on the basic element of planning by developing it to a more advance stage. Theories of urban growth and structure Planning models and their relevance The strategic choice approach to planning Corporate planning

Recreation Planning (URP 510, 2 units)

Description

URP 510 RECREATION PLANNING (1,0,1) Definition or recreation Assessment of supply and demand for recreational resources Recreation planning standard Recreation carrying capacity Management of recreation resources

Professional Practice 11 (URP 512, 2 units)

Description

URP 512 PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE 11 (1,1,0) The NITP as compared with other professional bodies Code of professional practice Procedures for membership of NITP The NITP charter Planning and polices Planners and the elected representative Planners and the general public

Project 11 (URP 506, 3 units)

Description

URP 506 PROJECT 11 (0,0,3) Every student will be required to choose a topic as a special area of study in the planning profession to demonstrate their ability to carry out an independent work with little guidance to a high academic and professional level. Students are to choose their subjects in due consultation with their supervisors

Planning Control and Settlement of Disputes (URP 508, 2 units)

Description

URP 508 PLANNING CONTROL AND SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES (1,1,0) Definition of disputes, types of disputes. Development and control measures of disputes, assessment of disputes in planning. Compulsory acquisition and compensation and disputes arising from it. Slum development projects and disputes in inner built- up areas and peri-urban areas in Nigeria and elsewhere (e.g. demolition projects) implementation of other physical planning schemes and disputes. Various ways of solving disputes arising from excursion of planning functions in cities and villages.

Planning Studio VIII (URP 502, 3 units)

Description

URP 502 PLANNING STUDIO VIII (0,0,3) Studio project on planning for new towns. This project will enable the student to demonstrate all the planning principles so far and carry this finesse in the planning and design of a new town.

Advanced Landscape Design (LAA 512, 3 units)

Description

LAA 512 ADVANCED LANDSCAPE DESIGN (2,0,1) The course is build – up on landscape design. It is form of lectures and a major studio project. Practical work include detailed studies of landscape construction materials (both hard and software) and design exercise on major landscape projects such as housing, erosion, flooding, transportation, industry, public parks, forestry, beaches, land reclamation, landscape conversation management techniques.

Advanced Housing Studies (URP 514, 3 units)

Description

URP 514 ADVANCED HOUSE STUDIES (2,0,1) Course will advance earlier knowledge in basic course in housing and urban renewal techniques. Key concepts in housing provision, design, finance, construction, and management will be studied in relation to typical housing areas.

### JOHN DIDACUS NJOKU

Contact Information

 Email: jdnjoku@futo.edu.ng

• July 2007: PhD, Geography & Environmental Management
• November 1992: MSc, Geography & Planning [Remote Sensing & Cartography]
• June 1985: BSc (Hons.), Geography & Regional Planning

Research Interests

Remote Sensing & GIS in Environmental Monitoring and Mapping

Teaching and Professional Experience

• Pioneer Ag. HOD, Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning, 2010 to date.
• Member, FUTO Examination Monitoring Team (FEMT), 2011/2012 Academic Session to date.
• Member, FUTO Think-Tank, August 2011 – date
• Representative of Dean of the School of Environmental Technology (SOET), on the Board of Studies of the School of Science, March 2011 – date
• SIWES Coordinator, Dept. of Environmental Technology, 2008 – 2011.
• Representative of Dean of the School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, on the Board of Studies of the School of Health Technology, 2008 – 2011
• Class Advisor, EVT 2006 Set, 2006 - 2011

Other Experience

none

Profile

John Didacus Njoku, received a first degree in Geography and Regional Planning from the University of Benin, MSc in Remote Sensing and Cartography from the University of Lagos and a PhD in Geography and Environmental Management from the Imo State University, Owerri. Njoku worked at the National Population Commission and the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN) where he rose to Executive Secretary, Imo/Abia Branch. He is the pioneer HOD, Department of Urban and Regional Planning and teaches Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics in the Departments of Environmental Technology and Urban and Regional Planning, FUTO. He is widely travelled and published in Geoinformatics and mapping application to Environmental Management.

Publication

• Ihejirika CE, Njoku JD, Ujowundu CO, Onwudike SU, and Uzoka CN: Synergism between season, pH and conductivity and total dissolved soilds (TDS) of Imo River quality for agricultural irrigation. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, Vol., 1 No. 5, pp. 26 – 31.
• Ogbuagu, HD, Njoku, JD and Ayoade, AA: Trends in Microbenthal Biotypes of Imo River in the Nigerian Delta Region. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, Vol., 1 No. 4, pp. 22 – 28.
• Njoku, JD, Nnaji AO and Iwuji MC: Spatial Analysis of Soil Fertility Using Geographical Information Systems Technology. African Research Review, An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia, Vol. 5 (4) Serial No. 21, July, pp. 511 – 524.
• Onweremadu, EU, Okuwa JA, Njoku JD and Ufot UO: Soil Nitrogen Forms Distribution in Isohyperthermic Kandiudults of Central Southeastern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 52 – 56, June ……..
• Njoku, JD: Application of Geographical Information Systems Technology in Soil Fertility Variation Analysis in Southeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Technology, Published by the International Association of African Researchers and Reviewers Inc, Ethiopia, Vol. 1 (1) January – March, pp. 47 – 59.
• Anene BO, Chikere-Njoku C, Ndukwu BN and Njoku JD: Properties of Degraded Soils Cultivated with Amaranth as influenced by Palm bunch Refuse Ash. Paper published in the International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, published by the School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria, Volume 13 (2), pp. 256 – 258.
• Ubuoh EA, Akande SO, Anyadike RNC, Akhionbare WN, Igbojionu D O, Njoku JD and Akhionbare SMO: Atmospheric Corrosion of roofs in Selected parts of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Paper published in the Global Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume 3, Number 2, pp. 317 – 324.
• Njoku, JD, Ebe, TE, & Pat-Mbano, EC: Detection and Mapping of Land Use and Land Cover Classes of a Developing City in Southeastern Region of Nigeria, using Multi-band Digital Remotely-sensed Data. Paper published by the African Research Review Journal, [An International Multi-disciplinary Journal] Ethiopia, vol. 4, No. 3b, pp. 315 - 330.
• Njoku JD: Comparative Detection of Infrastructural Land Conversion Dynamics in a Nigerian City using Space Technology. Paper published by the African Research Review Journal, [An International Multi-disciplinary Journal] Ethiopia, vol. 4, No. 3a, pp. 341 – 348.
• Njoku JD, JI Soba, JU Uwazuruonye, TE Ebe, MC Iwuji and FC Okorie: Terrain Modeling and Mapping for Storm Water Routing and Management in Owerri Metropolis. Paper published in the Journal of the Nigerian Environmental Society volume 5, No.3, pp. 77 – 87.

### CHRISTY CHIDIEBERE NWACHI

Contact Information

 Email:

• B.Sc (1991)
• M.Sc (1999)
• P.hD, (2010)

Research Interests

• Urban Transportation Planning
• Slums in Developing Cities

Teaching and Professional Experience

Urban Planning

Other Experience

Fellowship, “Author Meets Critics”, a Joint Initiative of International Journal of Urban and Regional Research (IJURR) and Studies in Urban and Social Change Book Series (SUSC), April, 2011 – December 2011

Honours

• MNITP (Nigerian Institute of Town Planners )
• RTP (In view) (Town Planners Registration Council)
• MNIOB (Nigerian Institute of Builders ) MNES (Nigerian Environmental Society )
• Member (IFUW) (International Federation of University Women, Geneva

Profile

Christy obtained B.Sc (Hons) in Urban & Regional Planning from Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (1991) with special interest in Hospital Landscaping. She also posses M.Sc in Project Management Technology from Federal University of Technology, Owerri with emphasis on Quality Assurance in the Building Construction Industry. In addition, She obtained a doctorate degree from the University of Calabar, Nigeria in 2010 , specializing in Urban Development Planning, She was a lecturer in the department of Urban and Regional planning, Cross River University of Technology, Calabar from 2003 to October 2011. Presently she is a lecturer in same department, School of Environmental Technology (SOET), Federal University of Technology, Owerri.

Publication

• A critical Evaluation of the Ogui Slum in Enugu Nigeria Nwachi C.C, Agbor E.A, Inah, S.A, Global Journal of Social Sciences, GJSS / 2011 / 013.
• An Empirical Analysis of Aba Road Network, Nigeria, Nwachi C.C, Eni D. D, UPENG 346, Journal of Urban Planning and Development, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).
• Government participation in Housing Development in Nigeria; A Review, Agbor E.A; Nwachi C.C. International Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 5, No 1. 2010
• Promoting Grassroots Mobilization for Sustainable Environmental Management in Ugep Urban, Inah S.A , Ita I.O, Nwachi C.C, International Journal of Environmental Sciences, IJES / 2010 / 66

### Emman Iwuezi Chinonye Agwu

Contact Information

 Email:

• Ph.D in Urban and Regional Planning 1984
• M.Sc Environmental Planning - 1979
• B.Sc Geography Hons. - 1974.

Research Interests

Environmental Impact Assessment Theories of planning

Teaching and Professional Experience

Urban and Environmental Planning.

Other Experience

New Town Planning at Abuja

Honours

• Registered Town Planner (RTP)
• Fellow of Nigeria Institute of Town Planners (FNITP)

Profile

Professor Emman Iwuezi Chinonye Agwu was born in Ogwa Mbaitoli Local Government Area of Imo State Nigeria. He was educated at the Universities of Ibadan, Heriot Watt Edinburgh and Strathdyde Scotland. He was a Federal government Scholar. He has taught, researched and practice Urban and Regional and Environmental Planning in England and Nigeria. He is a professor of Urban and regional planning. He lectured post graduate students at Abia State University where he was a dear. Currently he lectures undergraduate students at Federal University of Technology Owerri.

Publication

• Agwu E.I.C (2001) Urban Administration in Nigeria (Ezeani O. E. and Eiekwa, N.N. eds 2001 Issues in Urban Administration in Nigeria Enugu, JAMOE Enterprises (Nig).
• Agwu, E.I.C (2000) Conservation of the Built Environment in Okpara E.E. (ed) Challenges of shelter and environment of Nigeria in the corning Decades.
• Agwu, E.IC (2003) Sustainable Development of Cities and Management of Urbanization in the Niger Delta Region Okpara, E.E. (ed) Post Rio Realities of Sustainable Development in the Delta Region.
• Agwu E.LC and Emeruom: H. (2003) Infrastructural and Social services in Okpara E- E. (ed) Post -Rio Realities of Sustainable Development in the Niger Delta Region